Gynaecological endoscopy is a surgical discipline which uses optical instruments specially designed to help diagnose the most frequent female disorders and pathologies such as some infertility problems, small vaginal hemorrhages or endometrial polyps among others. Gynaecological endoscopy employs hysteroscopy and laparoscopy for these purposes.
Gynaecological endoscopy as we know it is nowadays is possible thanks to important technical advances, along with the sophistication and the miniaturization of the equipment used. Modern anaesthetic medicine has also played an important part in the development of surgical procedures. This medicine is extremely effective, wears off quickly and its side effects have been reduced so that it can be used effectively in ambulatory surgery. Among other advances this made possible the so called minimally invasive surgery which owes its name to the fact that very small incisions are made and the intervention is ambulatory.
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The recovery from endoscopic gynaecological surgery is faster than in classic surgery cases as interventions are short and the patients stay in the medical centre for a very short period of time. Post-operatorial infections are less probable than with conventional surgery.
At the same time, the costs of the procedure are reduced when it is carried out in a smaller surgical unit in comparison to larger hospitals and clinics.
It is worth mentioning that these modern surgical techniques are meticulous, while anaesthetic procedures allow for a fast recovery. Side-effects are almost non-existent.
Gynaecological endoscopic surgery uses
By means of endoscopic surgery it is possible to find out without surgical intervention the origin of vaginal haemorrhages or anatomical alterations. We can discern between:
– Endometrial alterations (atrophies or hyperplasia)
– Endometrial polyps
– Endometrial adhesion
– Uterine septa or malformations
– Myomas (benign tumors)
Gynaecological endoscopic surgery prevents the need for a major operation in cases of endometriosis and ovarian tumors. It is the fastest way of carrying out tubal ligation and is effective for diagnosing certain cases of infertility.