Dealing with infertility could have a rather adverse affect more on women than on men, as approximately 30% of infertility is due to the female factor, and the other 30% the male. infertility issues come from both partners, neither could be blamed.
When a women starts her menstrual period , the first day of the cycle is recorded as “Day 1”, after the menstrual cycle is over usually it varies from women to women the menstrual period takes about 3-7 days, a week after that the women may ovulate and release an egg, roughly it could be around the 14-15day after the menstrual cycle the egg is viable for 24 hours , approximately that day is considered the most fertile day for a women, from women to women the ovulate pattern can vary. Even if your periods are regular it does not guarantee that you would ovulate.
Yes more or less she can. She can record her basal body temperature every morning and record it on a chart, this could be done by either using an ovulate predictor kit or, manually 3-4 months should be adequate.
Usually the ovulation period IE.(Day 10, 12, 14, and 16.) when you have intercourse with your partner the sperm stays in the females reproductive tract around 48 hours , this is best time . Every women ovulates at a different time, during intercourse it is important that you do not use any kind of sexual aroused drugs or lubricants,before intercourse or after.
If you are over the age of 35 and have tried to conceive for at least a year of so, then you can consult a doctor, if you are under the age , then the concern is less. If you are over the age of 35 and have certain medical issues like (PID) or irregular periods, painful periods , miscarriage or there is a problem with your spouse (low sperm count) consult a OB/GYN(immediately).
Most couples feel embarrassed, to come out in the open and confess that they have a problem, there is a a lot of contemplation , and speculation that after every period that there is hope they would conceive, but nevertheless it is always good to consult your fertility specialist that is ARC medical center.